Venezuela’s Constitution has an article that is very explicit and clear:
Artículo 68. Los ciudadanos y ciudadanas tienen derecho a manifestar, pacíficamente y sin armas, sin otros requisitos que los que establezca la ley.
Se prohíbe el uso de armas de fuego y sustancias tóxicas en el control de manifestaciones pacíficas. La ley regulará la actuación de los cuerpos policiales y de seguridad en el control del orden público.
Article 68: The citizens have the right to protest peacefully and without weapons, without any other requirements than those established by law.
The use of firearms and toxic substances in the control of peaceful demonstrations is forbidden. The law will regulate the conduct of police and security bodies in the control of public order.
The bold in the translation is mine. What the article says is very clear: People can protest and there are laws that limitwhat the police bad security bodies can do.
But the armed forces are not a security body and a law can only be approved by the National.
Despite this, the Minister of Defense Padrino Lopez (Yes, we have Godfather Lopez and Godgiven Cabello, go figure!) issued today this “resolution” (page 6):
from the comfort of his office, entitled “Regulations for the behavior of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces acting in order to control public order, social peace and the coexistence of citizens in public meetings and protests”
These regulations clearly violate the Constitution, it is not a law, because the Minister of Defense does not approve laws, even if his name is Godfather and because according to the Venezuelan Constitution, the Armed Forces are not part of the security forces.
And it gets worse…
The Interamerican Commission on Human Rights has explicitly banned the use of the Armed Forces on matters of internal security, explicitly stating that the military should only participate when national security matters are involved.
And it gets even worse:
The first part says: “The acting unit will warn the people that participate in a public meeting or protest about the progressive and differentiated use of force..“
So, this “resolution” allows the use of force (!!) and explicitly violates the Constitution, allowing the Armed Forces to participate in the control of precisely what the Constitution bans them from doing…
And then it states that the armed forces should go to “extremes” not to use force against pregnant women, boys, girls, adolescents, older people, people with special needs or other “vulnerable” people… Note it does not say they can not use force against them, just go to extremes not do so…after the extremes, repress…
But, hey! If you have to, you have to, use the force, that is what Dictatorships do after all…
Should I go on…the fascism goes on too…
“The Armed Forces will have methods and means that will allow the equipment and permanent training of the military personnel for the progressive and differentiated use of force…and the use of force as situational punishment .
You have to love how clueless these guys are about what human rights are…or how fascist they are.,,
I could go on, but I would throw up. The Maduro Government just created the “legal” instrument to keep using the same force in repressing protests. Because once the Government begins getting less than US$ 50 per barrel, the “people” are going to be very pissed and force (no limits! It’s legal!) will be used..
There is nothing “disguised” about this Dictatorship…now that oil does not guarantee their survival, repression will. Or might?