Oscar Arias: Last Democrat Standing in the region?

February 25, 2010

(In Spanish here)

After seeing how easily Latin American leaders skirt democratic principles and look the other way at the systematic violations of human rights in the region, it is somewhat comforting to see that at least one leader and rule in the region still “gets it”. In contrast with the Lula’s, Bachelet’s, Kirchner’s, Insulza’s and the rest, it is clear that this man is a true statesman who understands the follies and foibles of the pitiful leaders that the inhabitants of our region have to endure. By now, democarcy in Latin America seems to have been reduced to having elections and damn the people, their rights and their future. It is always somebody else’s fault, these empty and fake leaders never take responsibility for their gigantic failures.

Kudos to Oscar Arias in the hope that the end of his term, will not be the end of what seems to be the lonely voice of the last democrat standing in Latin America.

Here, his speech at the cancun summit, no more comments are necessary, it has no waste (Hat tip PMB!):

Speech by Óscar Arias Sánchez, President of Costa Rica

Excellencies, Heads of State and Government from Latin America and the Caribbean, friends:

This is my last participation at an international summit. I do not expect to say goodbye to Latin America nor to the Caribbean. I keep the dreams of this region bound to the center of my life. But I do have to say farewell to all of you, my colleagues, brothers and sisters, fellow travelers. I must say goodbye to this audience that summarizes, in a cluster of voices, the hopes of 600 million people, nearly a tenth of humanity. It is on behalf of that Latin American lineage that I want to share with you some thoughts. It is on behalf of the generation that dwells beyond these doors, and demands from us the boldness to build a more dignified place under the sun.

Despite the speeches and the applause, the truth of the matter is our region has made little progress in recent decades. In certain areas, it has stepped back resolutely. Many want to climb aboard a rusted out railroad car headed toward the past, to the ideological trenches that divided the world during the Cold War. Latin America runs the risk of adding to its unprecedented collection of lost generations. It runs the risk of wasting, once again, its opportunity on Earth. It is up to us, and those who come after us, to prevent that from happening. It is up to us to honor the debt we owe to democracy, to development and to peace for our peoples, a debt, whose deadline expired centuries ago.

Honoring the debt to democracy means more than enacting political constitutions, signing democratic charters or celebrating periodic elections. It means building a reliable set of institutions, beyond the anemic structures that currently sustain our state apparatuses. It means guaranteeing the supremacy of the law and the effectiveness of the Rule of Law, one which some insist on vaulting with a pole.

It means strengthening the system of checks and balances, deeply threatened by the presence of tentacular governments who have erased the boundaries between ruler, party and State. It means ensuring the enjoyment of a solid core of fundamental rights and guarantees, chronically impinged upon in much of the Latin American region. And it means, above all, the use of political power for achieving a greater human development, the improvement of our people’s living conditions and the expansion of our citizens’ freedoms.

One must not confuse the democratic origin of a régime with the democratic operation of the State. There are governments in our region that avail themselves of election results so as to justify their desire to restrict individual freedoms and persecute their opponents. They make use of a democratic mechanism in order to subvert the foundations of democracy. For a true democrat, if he has no opposition, then he must create one. He shows his success in the fruits of his labor, but not in the product of his retaliations. He demonstrates his power by opening hospitals, roads and universities and not by curtailing freedom of opinion and expression. A true democrat demonstrates his power by fighting poverty, ignorance and rampant crime, and not foreign empires and imaginary conspiracies. This region, tired of hollow promises and empty words, needs a legion of increasingly tolerant statesmen and not a legion of increasingly authoritarian rulers. It is easy to defend the rights of those who think like we do. Defending the rights of those who think differently: that is the challenge for the true democrat. Let us hope that our peoples have the wisdom to elect rulers for whom the democratic shirt is not too large a fit.

And may they also resist the temptation of those who promise rose gardens behind the participatory democracy that can be a dangerous weapon in the hands of populism and demagoguery. Latin America’s problems are not solved by replacing a dysfunctional representative democracy with a chaotic participatory democracy.

Paraphrasing Octavio Paz, I dare say that democracy in our region does not need to take on wings; what it needs is to take root.  Before selling tickets to paradise, let us worry first about consolidating our feeble institutions, safeguarding the fundamental guarantees, ensuring equal opportunities for our citizens, increasing the transparency of our governments, and above all, improving the effectiveness of our bureaucracies . My experience as a head of state has shown me that what we have are sclerotic and hypertrophied States, unable to meet the needs of our people and to provide the benefits that democracy is obliged to deliver.

This has serious consequences for our capacity to honor the second debt that I wanted to mention to you, the debt owed to development. A debt which, I repeat, we must honor. Neither Spanish colonialism, nor the lack of natural resources, nor the hegemony of the United States, nor any other theory resulting from the eternal victimization of Latin America, explains the fact that we refuse to increase our spending on innovation, to tax the rich, to graduate professionals in engineering and the hard sciences, to promote competition, to build infrastructure or to provide legal certainty to businesses. It is time for each mast to endure the sails of its own own progress.

What right does Latin America have to complain about the inequalities that divide its peoples, if it collects almost half of its fiscal revenues in indirect taxes, and the tax burden in some nations in the region hardly reaches 10% of the Gross Domestic Product? What right does Latin America have to complain about its underdevelopment, if it is the one that has demonstrated a proverbial resistance to change every time there is talk of innovation and adaptation to new circumstances? What right does Latin America have to complain about the lack of quality jobs, when it is the one that allows the average schooling to be around 8 years? And above all, what right does  Latin America have to complain about its poverty if it spends, each year, nearly 60 billion dollars in weapons and soldiers?

The debt to peace is the most shameful of all, because it demonstrates the amnesia of a region that feeds the return of an arms race, in many cases aimed at fighting ghosts and mirages. It also shows the complete inability to set priorities in Latin America, a practice that prevents the realization of a true agenda for development. There are countries suffering internal conflicts who may justify an increase in national defense expenditures. But in the vast majority of our nations, increased military spending is inexcusable in view of the needs of a people whose real enemies are hunger, disease, illiteracy, inequality, crime and environmental degradation. It is regrettable that there are gathered at this Summit of Unity countries that are arming against each other. It is also regrettable that one finds absent from this Summit of Unity the Government of Honduras, whose people are victims of militarism and do not deserve punishment, but rather help instead.

If I had been told twenty years ago that in the year 2010 I would still be condemning the increase in military spending in Latin America, I probably would have been surprised.

How, after having seen the mangled bodies of young people and children wounded in war, could this region long for a return to arms? How could one allow the horrific parade of rockets, missiles and guns that passes by in view of rickety school desks, empty lunch boxes and clinics without medicines? Some might say that I was mistaken to trust in a peaceful future. I think not. Hope is never a mistake, no matter how many times it is short-changed.

I still hope for a new day for Latin America and the Caribbean. I hope for a future of greatness for our peoples. The day will come when democracy, development and peace will fill the saddlebags of the region. The day will come when the recount of the lost generations will cease. It may be tomorrow, if we dare to make it so. It may be next year, in the next decade or in the next century. As for me, I will keep fighting. Regardless of the shadows, I will continue to wait for the light at the end of the rainbow. I will continue to fight until such day arrives.

Dear friends. It has been a high honor and a true privilege to partake in this forum with you, just as it has been at many others. This is my last summit and in saying goodbye I want all of you to know that Óscar Arias will always be your true friend.

Thank you very much.

Óscar Arias Sánchez

21 Responses to “Oscar Arias: Last Democrat Standing in the region?”

  1. Oscar Arias’ Presidential police http://bit.ly/GarysUT extorts Costa Ricans & businesses http://bit.ly/GaryTVWeb

  2. loroferoz Says:

    “Many want to climb aboard a rusted out railroad car headed toward the past, to the ideological trenches that divided the world during the Cold War.”

    Now we know, thanks to Mr. Arias, that the Red of the Revolution, is now the Red of Rusted Out Iron.

    Though I have to be a pessimist and agree a bit with Carlos. The State in most of Latin America is hopeless, and people pay through the nose to get decent service, at the State (corruption) or at private clinics, schools, etc. (private sector).

    In the end we as a region shall have to see the hard truth. Maybe, maybe we hope, decentralization will produce public services worth something. But where central governments are concerned, we will have to give way to the free market, or suffer the above mentioned forever.

  3. An Interested Observer Says:

    “Let’s write a speech about everything that’s wrong with Hugo Chavez, but never say his name.” If that wasn’t the intent, then it still couldn’t have fit Hugo any better.

    Great phrase: “tentacular governments.”

  4. firepigette Says:

    The day Oscar Arias becomes secretary general of the OAS the there will be real hope for LA.

    As long as we have the likes of Insulza, Gaviria etc. it will be business as usual.

  5. Juancho Says:

    How could one allow the horrific parade of rockets, missiles and guns that passes by in view of rickety school desks, empty lunch boxes and clinics without medicines? Some might say that I was mistaken to trust in a peaceful future. I think not. Hope is never a mistake, no matter how many times it is short-changed.


    This is a human being.


  6. Kepler Says:

    Exactly, the question is to what degree.
    And also to realise things cannot be static.
    What is right now may not be later on, here or there.

    As there will be interest groups one way or the other that will try to cling to things that fit them but are perhaps not fair, one needs to have an open discussion and not parallel monologues.

    Of course, debates require transparency and courage as well as good frameworks to function.

  7. Tambopaxi Says:

    Agree, Kepler. I
    t’s not a black or white, all state or all private sector proposition. There’s gotta be a mix.
    As you allude, we’re still seeing this sort of debate to this day in the States regarding issues such the financial sector debacle, the decline of the automobile companies, the sugar and ag subsidies, the health sector, and ad nauseam…

    Our country is still in the “socialize the losses, privatize the profits” mode, and that needs to change. The question is, to what degree?

  8. Boludo Tejano Says:

    Babalu has the video on a power interruption during a Thugo TV talk, appropriately titled, “Turn on a Candle, Ramiro.” It quotes a WaPo article, which is here in full.
    CARACAS, Venezuela — Power failures have become a fact of life in Venezuela, but the energy problems have not affected the presidential palace – until now.
    President Hugo Chavez was giving a televised address Thursday when the broadcast on state TV was suddenly interrupted. TV screens went fuzzy for a couple of seconds, then the channel switched to a spot urging Venezuelans to save electricity.
    When the live broadcast resumed minutes later, Chavez said the interruption was caused by problems with a power generator.
    Chavez blames energy shortages on a drought and low water levels at the Guri Dam, which supplies about 70 percent of Venezuela’s electricity. Critics argue Chavez has failed to invest enough in electricity production.

    So, there are SOME advantages to watching ThugoTV.

  9. Kepler Says:

    Good speech.

    Carlos, this is not rhetorical: in what kind of schools did you get your education? Did you choose your kindergarten and your parents?
    Do you think there is a difference between those schools and the average school we find in, say, Los Valles del Tuy?
    Do you know how the US industry (or any other) was protected by the state in the late XVIII and whole of XIX century? Mind: up to now in many many sectors?
    I don’t think a state knows more than us, a state is made up of people sets that vary a lot. But no single cutlre, not in the US or elsewhere, has managed to prosper without some form of coordinated effort from some central point. The discussion is about the degree. Fundamentalism of any kind is the most pernicious thing: to think the state is holy or on the other side that there are magic rules of the market that allow really for absolute free trade.

  10. Carlos Says:

    Excellent speech, with many truths, except that as another statist politician his dream will never come true. The only path to development is to free the people from statist bondage and mercantilist policies so that everyone’s true potential to learn, to create, to innovate, to build, to grow will have a chance to flourish to the fullest. This means taking away so many crutches, that while necessary for the lame and infirm are not good for the able, and most of us are able. It also means the end of state paternalism, making us all think that the State, the Party, our beloved Leader, those “sclerotic bureaucracies” can really know more than each one of us knows what’s best for us.

  11. Robert Says:

    Thank you so much for publishing this translation. I have to admit that I was truly impressed with his ability to criticize Chavez and others without naming names. But as mentioned earlier, it’s too bad Chavez and others just “will not get it.”

    So how is it possible Arias could head OAS? What is the process? Where do I send my campaign contribution?

  12. Deanna Says:

    Agree with Roberto. Certainly would be 1000% more effective than Insulza!!!

  13. Roberto N Says:

    Arias for the OEA presidency.

    Now that would be something else.

  14. Bob Taylor Says:

    What a fantastic speech !!He has said what we all want to say.
    What a pity most of chavez´s red monkeys won´t have heard it and understood it !!

  15. Tambopaxi Says:

    Good stuff, it really is. I wish he’d said it sooner. Kirschner, Ortega, Chavez, Morales, Correa… The best these people can do is use the same old corrupt tactics to try to advance political philosophies that demonstrably and catastrophically failed decades ago? These people are the best that the region can produce?

  16. Bill Simpson of Slidell USA Says:

    I wish we could clone him and use him to replace most of the so-called leaders on this planet.

  17. Carlos Says:

    He’s not the last democrat , he’s the BEST DEMOCRAT , the TRUE DEMOCRAT.
    He was ready to support lefty former President Zelaya after the coup and now he’s ready to blame those populist but fake democrats like Chavez, Kirchner, Ortega, Correa…
    Bottom line.. this man is a real honor for his office.

  18. […] Oscar Arias:¿El último demócrata de la región? Febrero 25, 2010 (In English here) […]

  19. Antonio Says:

    I am agreeing with Arias. About one of the last paragraphs, I am pessimistic about most the countries of Latin America. I think, Venezuela ahead, most of Latin American countries will enter this century in a long Dark Age like the Middle Age. They built their hope of development in populist leaders and in 21 Century Socialism.

    21 Century Socialism will be a good historic name, to explain and tag a century in which Venezuela and other countries simple disintegrated their self and returned to development levels that only resemble 19 Century.

  20. OA2 Says:

    Este señor si es diplomata, si es un lider. Este señor si es varon.

  21. Deanna Says:

    Could Oscar Arias’ democratic beliefs be the reason why he received the Nobel Peace Prize and Hugo Chavez never will??? I applauded his speech when I read it in yesterday’s paper because it was his last chance as President of Costa Rica to be able to tell the truth about Latin American “democracy”. While not mentioning anyone in particular, he was able to hit certain authoritarian leaders right where it hurt. Of course, one can readily see that he is a true statesman, whereas the others have no f… what it means to be one.

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